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Transportation

Pedestrian and Bicycle Friendly Design

Applicable Community Size

The planning and design of pedestrian/bicycle friendly routes focuses on safety.  The practice of requiring pedestrian / bicycle friendly design that is on an equal footing with vehicle transportation planning provides better opportunities to consider safety, improve accessibility, and support public health.

Safe Routes to School

Applicable Community Size

Thirty years ago 60 percent of children living within a two-mile radius of a school walked or bicycled to school.  Today that number has dropped to less than 15 percent.  Roughly 25 percent commute by school bus, and well over half are driven to or from school in vehicles.  Thirty years ago only 5 percent of children between the ages of 6 and 11 were considered to be overweight or obese.  Today that number has climbed to 20 percent.  These statistics point to a rise in preventable childhood diseases, and worsening air quality and congestion around schools.

Complete Streets

Applicable Community Size

Most of the current activity around “Complete Streets” is to retrofit existing roadways into facilities that are designed to be equally safe for drivers, bicyclists, transit vehicles and users, and pedestrians of all ages and abilities.  In new development, this type of facility should be required by the jurisdiction’s public works development standards and commonly implemented.